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SMART analysis


A SMART requirement analysis allows business analysts to study which product features clients need businesses to deliver.

The main advantage of a SMART analysis is that it makes customer needs easier to understand and fulfil.

Business analyst models and techniques such as SMART analysis are covered in-depth in our Business Analyst Certification online courses.

While there are a number of ways to interpret the acronym’s meaning, the most common is that goals should be:

  • Specific.
  • Measurable.
  • Achievable.
  • Relevant.
  • Time-framed.

SMART requirements analysis


Requirements must be clear and unambiguous. This helps explain to the project development team exactly what is expected by clients.


The requirements must be able to be measured. Testing can determine whether goals have been met.


Requirements must be attainable. This means being able to set a clear course of action so as to avoid failure.


The requirement must be relevant to the business needs of the organization and must be realistic. This often requires meeting with developers and discussing with them to see what can be done and what cannot.


Requirements must have a clearly defined time-frame for when it can be achieved. Failure to establish deadlines can lead to failure.


A business analyst (BA) will conduct an analysis of the requirements needed for a new business solution.

The BA will then carry out a final check to ensure all requirements are well-formed and SMART.

SMART models help prevent frustration, conflicts and solutions that do not fit business goals.

SMART infographic

The following infographic explains how to employ a SMART analysis in greater detail.

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